Product Technical Specifications
TAINI, a novel ultra-lightweight (starting from 1.5g) low power wireless neural recording system allowing ultra-long hours (up to 120 hrs) of recording from 16 channels sampled at up to ~19.5 kHz (9.7 kHz bandwidth). It captures EEG signals, local field potentials (LFP), action-potentials (AP) and EMG activities while animals (e.g mice, rat) engage in unrestricted behaviour in a variety of environments and while performing tasks.
Together with our TAINILIVE software, users are able to view the live recorded signals while configuring the recording settings.
TAINI system can also be synchronized with other external systems, such as video tracking, which allows the recorded data to be synchronized to animals’ behaviour with sub-second precision.
TAINI Products ( Key Specifications)
|TAINI Device Model Name||Battery Lifetime (hours)||Enclosure Type||Weight (gram)||Number of Channel||Sampling Rate per Channel (samples/second)||-3dB Acquisition Bandwidth (Hz)||Simultaneous System Recording|
|TAINI 20/16/72/NOA||72||No Enclosure ||1.5||16||19500||0.35 to 9700|
Typically 4 transmitters in the same room 
|TAINI 20/16/72/LOA||72||Lightweight||1.8||16||19500||0.35 to 9700|
|TAINI 20/16/120/LOA||120||Lightweight||2.2||16||19500||0.35 to 9700|
|TAINI 20/16/72/SOA||72||Strengthened||2.1||16||19500||0.35 to 9700|
|TAINI 20/16/120/SOA||120||Strengthened||2.4||16||19500||0.35 to 9700|
|TAINI 01/16/72/LOA||72||Lightweight||1.8||16||1220||0.35 to 600|| |
Typically 8 transmitters in the same room 
|TAINI 01/16/120/LOA||120||Lightweight||2.2||16||1220||0.35 to 600|
|TAINI 01/16/72/SOA||72||Strengthened||2.1||16||1220||0.35 to 600|
|TAINI 01/16/120/SOA||120||Strengthened||2.4||16||1220||0.35 to 600|
 TAINI enclosure provides a limited level of water-splash resistant and mechanical protection to the TAINI transmitter, it is especially important when users wanna run long recordings while animals need to have access to food and water.
 Customized solutions are available to help users run more TAINI transmitters (e.g. 8, 16 and 32) simultaneously
General Technical Specifications
|Supply voltage range||1||1.4||Volt|
|Average current draw||2||mA|
|Peak current draw||2.5||mA|
|Battery capacity||180/310||mAh||typical Zinc Air battery (size code 312 & 13)|
|Number of channel||16|
|Input voltage range||13||mV (pk-pk)||maximal input signal|
|Common mode rejection ratio (CMRR)||78||dB|
|Power supply rejection ratio (PSRR)||>46||dB|
|Input referred noise||3.9||µV (RMS)||0.35 to 9700Hz|
Wireless Communication Characteristics
|Transmission range||2.5||meter||received SNR = 20 dB (dependent on experiment set-up)|
|Transmission protocol||customized protocol with package size of 810 bits|
|Transmission modulation||BASK||digital modulation scheme|
|Typical package loss||1||%||dependent on experiment environment & set-up|
|Length||19||mm||edge to edge (including connector & enclosure)|
|Width||14.5||mm||edge to edge (including connector & enclosure)|
|Height||15.5||mm||edge to edge (including connector & enclosure)|
|Electrode interface||Omnetics A79039-001 connector |
 TAINI transmitters can be also customized with different Electrode Interface connectors
TAINI acquired 16-channel neural signals from in-vivo animal experiments (2s and 0.3s examples)
Animal Welfare and Scientific Benefits
The TaiNi device offers significant animal welfare and scientific benefits compared to other wireless and tethered devices on the market (see the Comparison Table). Mice wearing the TaiNi device can freely move around their cage and maintain the normal repertoire of movements and behaviours which are not possible with other wireless and tethered systems.
The ultra-lightweight TaiNi device resulted in significant improvements in the ability to complete trials (e.g. T-maze task), which increases statistical power and reduces the number of animals required for certain experiments. Importantly, recordings using the TaiNi device can now be taken in automated testing arenas linked to the animal’s home cage, where mice have a choice of when they perform behavioural tasks, with the advantage of avoiding repeated handling that can be stressful. Additionally, animals now can be group-housed to conduct innovative social experiments with continuous long-term TaiNi recordings.
Note: More detailed information can be found in the following published paper in Nature Scientific Reports:
Jiang Z, Huxter JR, Bowyer SA, et al., 2017, TaiNi: Maximizing research output whilst improving animals’ welfare in neurophysiology experiments, Scientific Reports, Vol:7, ISSN:2045-232 https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-017-08078-8